10 Difference between CV and Resume

The length is the main difference between a CV and a resume. Curriculum vitae, which is what CV stands for, means “the course of one’s life,” while résumé comes from French and means “to sum up.”

Both are used to apply for jobs, but they are not always the same thing. When you see a job ad, it’s important to follow the instructions exactly. Because of this, it’s important to know the difference between a resume and a CV.

When a person wants a job, he or she has to make a document that tells about him or her. Which should you use, a CV or a resume? If you don’t know what makes them different, it will be hard to choose between them. Many times, candidates send whatever they have on hand because they don’t know which document is needed. This is the worst thing they could do, and they could even be disqualified for not sending the required document.

CV vs Resume Infographic
CV vs Resume Infographic

What Is A CV?

A CV is short for “curriculum vitae,” which comes from Latin and means “course of life.” It tells the history of a person’s academic credentials, so the length can vary.

Most people who want to get grants, fellowships, teaching or research jobs in an institution use this document.

People in many European countries use CVs to look for jobs. People in Canada and the United States of America often use a CV.

What is a resume?

A resume is a short, brief summary of what a person has that is relevant to the job, such as qualifications, past work experience, achievements, skills, and competencies. It comes in the form of a document that is needed when applying for jobs in business, government, or industry. It is a short summary of a person’s professional life.

The word “resume” comes from the French word “résumé,” which means “summary.” So, a resume is a summary of a person’s work history. It only lists the skills and experience that are important for the job and that the applicant has. It should be written in a way that makes a good impression on the potential employer, since a resume can lead to an interview. It also makes it easier for the recruiter to choose the best person for an interview. In the resume, the job seeker should put the most up-to-date information first.

Comparison Chart (CV Vs Resume)

PropertiesCurriculum VitaeResume
DefinitionA CV, also called a “Curriculum Vitae,” is a document that lists a person’s past education, experience, skills, competencies, and accomplishments.A resume is a document that has information about a person’s education, work experience, skills, and past job accomplishments.
LengthLongerShorter like a single page
ModificationNo, it is same for all jobsYes, it can be modified according to job.
Main FocusCareer-orientedProfessional skills-oriented
Contact DetailsHas multiple ways on how to reach youCan be reached either through phone or email
Work DetailsMention work experience onlyMention designation, duration, and firm
Order of SkillsCertifications in chronological orderSkills with the highest proficiency are prioritized
When to useApply for jobs in academia, education, science, or research.Job seeking
Main contentName, contact information, education, work experience, and relevant work-related skills. Includes a summary of academic background as well as teaching and research experience, publications, presentations, awards, honors, affiliations, and other detailsName, contact information, education, work experience, and relevant work-related skills. The focus is on work experience, listed in reverse chronological order.

Key Difference Between CV and Resume

  • CV have more than one page, so they tend to be longer. Resumes, on the other hand, only have one page, so they tend to be shorter.
  • A resume gives an overview of a person’s skills and experience, while a CV goes into more detail.
  • The history of a person’s whole career is more clearly laid out in a CV, while a resume is just a short summary of their professional skills.
  • In the United Kingdom, a curriculum vitae is more common than a resume. In the United States and Canada, a curriculum vitae is called a resume.
  • The main point of a resume is to show off your skills, while a CV is more about what you’ve done in school.
  • A CV is used to apply for fellowships and grants, among other things, while a resume is used to apply for jobs in the business world.


The difference between a CV and a resume is clear: a CV tells everything about a person’s career, while a resume goes straight to the point of the job. A CV has more information than a resume. There is no contradiction between these two terms, nor is there any confusion between them. Most countries require applicants to have a CV or resume when they are looking for a job. This article talks about how the two documents’ contents are different in many ways.