10 Key Differences between Organic and Inorganic Compounds

Organic and inorganic compounds serve as the cornerstone of both inorganic and organic chemistry. Organic chemists study, assess, and keep track of how organic compounds react. Inorganic chemists investigate a number of different compounds, including salts, metals, and minerals.

Organic and Inorganic Compounds
Organic and Inorganic Compounds

Types of compounds

Compounds are said to be of two types namely:

  1. Organic compounds
  2. Inorganic compounds

Organic and inorganic Foods

In agriculture, the phrases organic and inorganic are also used to describe food. Food that has been grown without any traces of chemicals like pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers, sewage sludge, or ionizing radiation is considered organic. Crop wastes and composted animal manure are examples of natural resources that must be used in the manufacture of organic food. Foods classified as “inorganic” are those whose production involved the use of synthetic materials like pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Inorganic food includes food that has been genetically engineered.

Definition of Organic Compounds

Organic compounds are chemical mixtures made up of carbon and carbon atoms that belong to the kingdom of life.

Human activity produces organic chemicals, which can also be found in space, where there are no living organisms.

Inorganic compounds contain a carbon bond that connects to additional elements including oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen.

Urea, methane, ethane, sugars, and benzene are a few examples of organic chemicals that are used frequently. These chemical substances can be found as liquids, solids, or gases.

Additionally, because of the covalent bonds in carbon, it cannot be used to make salt. This distinguishing quality sets it apart from other compounds.

Definition of Inorganic Compounds

Inorganic compounds are, to put it simply, the opposite of organic compounds. First, learning what makes some molecules organic can help you better comprehend how inorganic substances are categorized.

A substance without a carbon-to-hydrogen connection, often known as a C-H bond, is referred to as being inorganic. Additionally, based on geology, inorganic substances seem to be minerals or substances devoid of carbon-to-hydrogen bonds.

Key Differences Between Organic and Inorganic Compounds

  • In opposed to inorganic compounds, organic compounds frequently have a link between carbon and hydrogen.
  • In contrast to inorganic compounds, which are present in non-living things, organic compounds are chemical compounds found in living organisms.
  • In contrast to inorganic compounds, which exist as minerals, organic compounds are biological in nature.
  • In contrast to inorganic compounds, which have simple chemical constituents, organic molecules are quite complex.
  • While inorganic substances have ionic bonds, organic compounds have covalent bonds.
  • While inorganic substances cannot be utilized to make any salt, they can be used to make salt.
  • While inorganic substances are typically soluble in water, organic compounds are not.
  • In contrast to inorganic chemicals, which are neither volatile nor flammable, all organic compounds are volatile and combustible.
  • Chemicals known as inorganic compounds contain metal atoms, whereas organic compounds do not.
  • The strong covalent link in organic compounds causes their excessively high melting and boiling temperatures, whereas weak intermolecular interactions in inorganic compounds cause their low melting and boiling points.
  • Metal ions are present in inorganic molecules but absent from organic compounds.
  • Organic substances respond slowly while inorganic compounds react more quickly.
  • In contrast to inorganic compounds, which are either soluble or insoluble in water, organic substances are soluble in it.
  • In contrast to organic substances, which are both volatile and flammable, inorganic compounds are neither volatile nor flammable.

Similarities Between Organic and Inorganic Compounds

  • They both have carbon atoms.
  • In organic solvents, both are soluble.
  • Both have intermolecular connections.

FAQs

How many inorganic compounds are there?

Inorganic chemistry only has roughly 500,000 known chemicals, but organic chemistry has about 19 million known carbon compounds. However, inorganic compounds offer significant economic advantages.

What is meant by organic compound?

An organic compound is one of a large class of chemical compounds in which one or more carbon atoms are covalently linked to atoms of other elements, most frequently hydrogen, oxygen, or nitrogen. The only carbon-containing substances that aren’t classified as organic are carbides, carbonates, and cyanides.

What are the 5 main inorganic compounds?

Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonates, cyanides, cyanates, and carbides are examples of inorganic elements and compounds that don’t have a carbon-hydrogen bond.

Is sugar organic or inorganic?

Sugar has the chemical formula C6H12O6. The substance is made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Sugar cane, a plant, is used to make sugar. All living organisms are organic since they all contain carbon-based compounds.

Conclusion

In conclusion, organic compounds are chemical substances that have carbon atoms that form covalent bonds with hydrogen.

Chemical substances known as inorganic compounds are made up of metal atoms that are joined by ionic bonds.

In both organic and inorganic chemistry, the two substances are studied differently. Good fortune.