The English language can be difficult to grasp at times, and in order to use it properly, one must be aware of the exact meaning of each word. As a result, it is only possible to guess the context in which a word should be used. When used interchangeably, many terms, including inquire-inquire, hear-listen, and information-knowledge, can alter the meaning of a statement.
The article presents in tabular form the distinction between knowledge and information. Understanding the goal is simple. Let’s get right to it.
What Is Information?
Information is a collection of data that has been processed to meet a specific need. It is transformed, organized, or presented in a certain context to give it meaning and utility.
Information gives data meaning and increases the accuracy of the information. It lessens uncertainty and aids in ensuring desirability. As a result, when the data is turned into information, it never contains any extraneous information. It contains information with context, significance, and purpose. It also entails the processing of unprocessed data, from which knowledge eventually emerges.
Characteristics of Information
The following are critical factors of the information:
- Information’s characteristics include accuracy, completeness, relevance, and availability.
- Facts that are given or learned about someone or something are referred to as information.
- No clear relationship between ideas
- Its accessibility to the appropriate party at the appropriate moment
- Improve learning
What is Knowledge?
Knowledge is a mix of facts, experience, and wisdom that can help an individual or an organization. It has to do with doing and means knowing and getting it. Everyone has knowledge, which comes from what he or she has done or seen. It also tells him how to judge new information from his environment.
Characteristics of Knowledge
These are some critical factors of knowledge:
- Knowledge is accurate as it conveys the true situation.
- It is available in time to make the most appropriate and correct decisions.
- It is portrayed in common, easy to understood formats.
- It provides all the necessary data.
- Meaningful and helpful for making decisions.
- Involves both sending and receiving Information
- It makes it easier to make plans and decisions.
|Definition||When facts are arranged in a certain way and put in a certain context, this is called information.||Knowledge is the term used to describe the pertinent and unbiased information acquired through experience.|
|Transfer||Easily transferable||Require learning|
|Reproduction||Can be reproduced.|
Cannot be reproduced
|Comprise of||Data and context|
Information, experience and intuition
|What is it?||Refined data||Useful information|
Key Difference between Information and Knowledge
- Knowledge is the ability to understand a subject, while information is the ability to process facts and data.
- The context and data make up the information, while the information, experience, and perceptions make up the knowledge.
- All information is knowledge, but not all knowledge is information.
- Information can be duplicated or mirrored, but knowledge can’t be.
- You can make a prediction based on what you know, but you can’t make a prediction based on what you know.
- You can get information from newspapers or journals, but it’s hard to get knowledge from one person to another.
- Information helps people understand facts and figures, while knowledge helps people understand the subject.
- To get knowledge, you need both cognitive and analytic skills, while analytic skills are best for getting information.
- Processing helps improve the way information is shown and interpreted, and it also makes people more aware of a subject.
- Most of the time, “information” means “data,” while “knowledge” means “useful information.”
To sum up, we can say that information is the building blocks and knowledge is the building itself. When data is processed, it becomes information. Information becomes knowledge when it is further manipulated or processed.
Even if a person knows a lot about a certain subject, that doesn’t mean he or she can make a decision or draw conclusions based on that information alone. To make a good decision, one needs to have a lot of experience and be familiar with the subject, which can be gained through knowledge.