11 Major Difference Between Rayon and Polyester

If you’ve been paying attention to the different kinds of fabrics, you should know that they can all be put into one of three groups. There are natural fibers, man-made fibers, and fibers that are somewhere in between. The last group is made up of fabrics that belong to the first two groups.

One of the biggest differences between rayon and polyester is that rayon is made from natural fibers with some chemicals added, while polyester is made from petroleum products with a lot of chemicals added.

Just keep reading our article to find out what the difference is between the two fabrics. It tells you what you need to know to pick the right fabric for your next sewing project. It won’t take you more than a few minutes to see these differences.

What Is a Rayon Fabric?

Rayon Fabric
Rayon Fabric

Rayon is a type of fabric that is made from artificial silk, which is made from items like trees and pulp.

People think of the material as a semi-synthetic fiber. Because of this, it is neither natural nor man-made.

Rayon is good because it is soft, comfortable, breathable, and can soak up moisture. It is a great fabric to wear in the summer.

The biggest problem with the material is that it creases and tears easily. The type of rayon is based on its properties and how it is made.

Cuprammonium rayon, high tenacity modulus rayon, regular rayon, and high wet modulus rayon are all common types of rayon you can find on the market.

The best thing about rayon is that it can be mixed with other fibers to make it less expensive, shiny, soft, and absorbent.

Features of Rayon:

  • It can be mixed with other kinds of fibers.
  • Rayon isn’t very expensive, but it looks like it’s worth a lot.
  • It might shrink if you wash it, so it needs to be dry cleaned.
  • It is made of a semi-synthetic fiber.
  • It has a good way of drapping.
  • Rayon is made in a way that hurts the environment.
  • It feels cool, soft, and smooth.
  • Rayon is moisture soaking.
  • Rayon looks smooth and soft, like silk.

Uses of Rayon

  • Rayon is used to melt materials in factories and other places with a lot of heat.
  • It can be used in the medical field to make dressings and bandages for surgery.
  • It is also used to make bed sheets, blankets, curtains, and rugs.
  • Rayon is used to make clothes like sarees, blouses, socks, and dresses.
  • It is used in the tyre industry to make tyre cord.

What Is a Polyester Fabric?

Polyester Fabric
Polyester Fabric

Polyester is a strong and long-lasting fabric. It is made of synthetic fiber and isn’t as likely to tear or get wrinkles.

But it is not a good fabric for making summer clothes because it tends to stick to the skin when a person starts to sweat.

The good news is that it can be used to make winter clothes so people can stay warm. The fabric is stretchy, which makes it strong enough to stand up to wear and tear.

Polyester clothes can be washed often, and even harsh detergents can be used to clean them.

Polyester is also cheaper than fabrics like cotton and linen, which are made from natural materials.

Lastly, polyester is easy to mix with cotton to make polycotton, which is better than most other fibers in many ways.

Types of Polyesters

There are two main kinds of polyesters. One is Poly-1,4-cyclohexylene-dimethyl terephthalate, or PCDT. The other is PET, or Polyethylene Terephthalate.

Features of Polyester

  • It can be cleaned at home.
  • It can stand up to chemicals and lasts a long time.
  • Polyester is one of the best fabrics because it doesn’t stretch or shrink.
  • It’s made of synthetic fiber.
  • It has fibers that are light but strong.
  • Polyester stays the way it is.
  • It is easily dyeable.
  • Polyester looks like it is stiff and hard.
  • Since it doesn’t soak up much, it can be hard to clean.

Uses of Polyester fabric

  • It is used to make jackets, suits, socks, pants, shirts, nightwear, underwear, and underwear.
  • It is used in bottles, boats, holographic films, tarps, and LCD displays in the business world.
  • It is used to cushion pillows, chairs, and sofas in furniture. It is also used to make blankets, curtains, face towels, bath towels, kitchen towels, rugs, and upholstery.

Comparison Table (Polyester vs Rayon)

TexturePolyester has a stiff, hard appearance.The appearance of rayon is soft and silky.
Fiber typeThe material is synthetic.Its fiber is semi-synthetic.
UsesPolyester is used to make outdoor clothes that can stand up to the cold weather.Rayon is used to melt things in factories and other places with a lot of heat.
ClimateIt is more common in places where it is cold.It is favored in warm climates
WashingOne can wash and wear polyester.Since rayon stretches and shrinks after washing, it needs to be ironed.

Key Core Difference Between Rayon and Polyester

  • Rayon is a semi-synthetic fiber, and polyester is a synthetic fiber.
  • Rayon is good for warm weather, while polyester is better for cold weather.
  • Rayon tends to shrink, get wrinkled, and tear, while polyester doesn’t do any of those things.
  • Rayon is easy to drape, but polyester is not.
  • Rayon shrinks and stretches after being washed, but polyester can be washed and worn.
  • Rayon is a very smooth fabric, while polyester is not.


With the help of the guide’s information, you can now tell the difference between rayon and polyester. It is now easy for people who aren’t very smart to choose the right kind of fabric.

Based on how they are used, what they are made of, and how they look, it is easy to see how rayon is different from polyester.