Basic Research vs. Applied Research: What’s the Difference?

There are a lot of different ways professionals can do research to find the information they need. Basic research, which adds to what is already known, and applied research, which solves a problem, are the two main types of research that are used most often. Knowing how these two types are different can help you decide which one you should use for your next study. In this article, we talk about what basic research is and how it differs from applied research. We also give examples of each.

Basic Research vs Applied Research

What Is Basic Research?

Researchers use the Basic research method to get information and ideas about the future from sources that already exist.

The goal of basic research is to find more evidence about different issues than what is already known.

The main benefit of basic research is that it helps solve problems all over the world. In the case of Basic Research, the research is done in a hypothetical setting and builds on ideas and theories that already exist.

Basic Research is based on the idea that new evidence and ideas should be added to theories that have already stood the test of time.

Basic research is done in places that don’t change, like workrooms or closed rooms, where there aren’t as many unknown variables.

Compared to advanced research, basic research has a lot more academic papers because the landscape of research has changed to accommodate the growth of information.

Basic research doesn’t do that much for the economy because the surveys don’t have many uses in industry or in the real world.

The focus of the basic research is not on improving and adding to current knowledge, so it is purely academic and exploratory.

Examples of basic research

  • Mindfulness after death
  • Effects of eating particular foods
  • How the human brain functions
  • Factors affecting relationships between couples
  • The effects of technology
  • Research into human behavior
  • The effects of stress

Benefits of basic research

Using basic research to learn more can be helpful in many ways. Some of the benefits of doing basic research are:

  • Learn about living systems and how they work
  • Getting society ready for problems that might come up in the future
  • Creating a base for research that can be used
  • Resulting in medical progress

What Is Applied Research?

When researchers use different practical methods to try to solve one or more problems in the business world, this is called “applied research.”

The goal of advanced research is to come up with new methods and tools to solve engineering problems.

The main use of advanced research is flawed and hard to figure out in the real world.

In Applied Research, the landscape is the real world, and the goal is to build systems that can be used in the real world.

Applied Research keeps an eye on the growth of new gear and equipment that can be used in business. Applied research is done in a world that isn’t very developed and has many factors that were not expected.

When compared to advanced research, basic research has a lot more theoretical journals because so much research is focused on developing evidence.

Advanced research helps the economy in many ways because the things they find can be used in business and in everyday life.

The focus of the advanced research is not on adding to what we already know, but on developing the industry as a whole.

So, the goal of the research is to come up with strategies or methods that have a very specific engineering scope and can be used to solve problems in different industries.

Examples of applied research

  • Wind erosion control.
  • Studying the market.
  • Cloning people for medical reasons.
  • Food production techniques.
  • Stopping bullying (bullying) in schools.
  • Global warming management.
  • Quantum noise reduction.
  • genetically modified plants.

Benefits of applied research

Applied research has more benefits than just being a way to solve problems that already exist. Here are some reasons why using applied research is a good idea:

  • Help businesses save money by making better decisions.
  • Setting up new goals
  • Making plans for new goods and services
  • Getting unbiased information by putting empirical evidence to the test

Comparison Chart (Basic Vs Applied Research)

PropertiesBasic ResearchApplied Research
Core PurposeExpand current knowledgeSolve a particular problem in life
NatureGeneral to formulate theoriesMore practical and descriptive
ScopeOften universalLargely specific
TechnologyLess improvemore improve
FuturePredict future phenomenaPrevent predicted problems
DriveDriven by curiosityDriven by clients
Commercial ObjectivesNot requiredAssociated with commercial processes
EconomyFormulation of theoriesDevelopment of economy
EnvironmentSterile or highly-controlled environmentReal-world settings
Academic PublicationsNot appear anywhereAppear in academic publications
Concerned withGetting better at science and making predictionsThe growth of technology and skill

Key Difference between Basic and Applied Research

  • Basic research is research that tries to add to the scientific knowledge that is already out there. On the other hand, applied research is the scientific study that helps solve problems in the real world.
  • Basic research is all about theories, but applied research is about how things work in the real world.
  • Basic research is more useful than applied research because it can be used to solve any problem. Applied research, on the other hand, can only be used to solve the problem for which it was done.
  • The main goal of basic research is to find out and predict things about science. On the other hand, applied research focuses on using basic science to improve technology and techniques.
  • The main goal of basic research is to add new information to what is already known. On the other hand, applied research is done to find a solution to the problem being looked at.

When to use applied research or basic research?

Basic research and applied research can both help you find out what you don’t know, but they work best in different situations. When you want to find answers to big, theoretical questions, basic research can help. Usually, you do this kind of research when you want to add to what you already know and make predictions.

When you’re trying to find a solution, applied research is usually more helpful. Here, you can use what you’ve learned to create new technologies and make systems better. The best way to do this kind of research is if you have a specific question in mind. When deciding what kind of research to do, you should think about whether you want to add to what you already know or find completely new information to solve a problem.


Basic and applied research are the two main types of research. Depending on what you want to learn, you can do either basic research or applied research.

The main difference between basic research and applied research is the goal. Unlike basic research, applied research is often used in academic writing.