Simple and Complex Tissue: 10 Major Differences Between

A tissue is a collection of cells with comparable structural characteristics that collaborate to carry out particular tasks in living things.

These tissues are divided into groups based on what makes them up. Based on the number of cells, tissues are categorized as simple or complex.

What distinguishes simple tissue from complicated tissue, then? While the latter is made up of cells of various sorts, the former is composed of cells of the same kind.

Once we understand the key distinctions between simple and complicated tissues, understanding the difference between them becomes simple:

Tissues are referred to as SIMPLE TISSUES IF they are made up of cells that are similar in both function and structure.

If the tissues consist of multiple cell types and function as a single unit to carry out various tasks, they are referred to be COMPLEX TISSUES.

Definition of Simple Tissue

Simple tissues are those of a plant that contain just one type of cell. Simple tissues come in three different varieties: parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma. The softer sections of plants are created by living cells with thin walls found in parenchyma tissue. Photosynthesis and food storage are two of parenchyma’s functions.

Parenchyma Cells
Figure 01: Parenchyma Cells

The edges of collenchyma’s live cells are thickened. Growing stems and leaves are mechanically supported by collenchyma tissue. Additionally, sclerenchyma creates the hard sections of the plant body and has thick-walled dead cells (fibres). As a result, it gives the plant’s parts strength.

Definition of Complex Tissue

Different cell types that serve different purposes make up complex tissue. In addition, the tissue is renowned for supporting and holding organs together.

The animal body is covered in complex tissues, which are classified as connective tissues in mammals and xylem and phloem tissues in plants, respectively.

Complex Tissue
Figure 02: Xylem

Phloem tissue in plants transports food from the leaves to the various parts of the plant, while xylem tissue in plants transports water and minerals from the roots.

Similarities Between Simple and Complex Tissue

  • Simple and complicated tissues can be found in plants.
  • They are made up of active plant cells.
  • They serve various purposes in plants.
  • Additionally, they are crucial for the expansion and development of plants.

Key Difference Between Simple And Complex Tissue

If you’re interested in learning more about the similarities between simple and complicated tissues, read on to learn more through the following checkpoints.

  1. The nature of simple tissue and complicated tissue is one of their contrasts. Simple tissue has a homogenous character that is immensely superior. In contrast, the heterogeneous and superior nature of another complex tissue makes it superior to simple tissue.
  2. Despite this, if you’re interested in learning about the variations between their two tissues, read on. Parenchyma, Sclerenchyma, and Collenchyma are three distinct examples of simple tissue. Phloem and Xylem are the two primary examples of complex tissue, on the other hand. So those are two instances of tissues.
  3. Another significant distinction between the two is how simply the function is. It has specific roles and manipulations for repairing tissue, storing food, exercising structural cells, and secretion. In addition, the intricate tissue performs other tasks, particularly distributing water and minerals to various parts of the plant’s body.
  4. Additionally, each cell in each region of the plate has received a precise distribution of the simple tissue. It is present throughout the entire plant. On the other side, vascular regions are where the complicated tissue is found. It’s located here.
  5. The makeup of the cell is another distinction between simple tissue and complicated tissue. The Simple tissue typically consists of and creates just one cell. All of the cells are functioning significantly in their daily tasks. Despite this, a complex tissue is developing with a variety of cell types that cooperate with one another and properly coordinate a range of functions.

These are the simple tissue and complex tissue distinctions that come up the most frequently. Both are distinct tissue types with a number of distinctions. It is mentioned above in more depth.

Comparison Table (Simple Tissue vs Complex Tissue)

The differences between simple and complicated tissues are as follows.

Simple TissuesComplex Tissues
Nature of the Tissue
Parenchyma, Collenchyma, SclerenchymaXylem, phloem
Repair of tissue, food storage, secretion, and structural support Conduction of minerals and water to various parts of the plant body
Located in every part of the plantPrimarily located in the vascular regions
Cell Composition
Composed of a single type of cell/ all cells perform a similar functionComposed of various types of cells that perform various functions 


What is simple tissue and complex tissue?

Simple tissues are made up of only one type of cell. Complex tissues are ones that have several cell types inside a single tissue as they work together to complete a certain task. Parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma make up simple tissues, whilst xylem and phloem make up complex tissues.

What is complex tissue?

Complex tissues are those tissues made up of various cell types that are each involved in carrying out a specific function. To carry out a certain task, these cells cooperate as a single unit. Water and organic nutrients are transported up and down the plants via complex tissues.

What is simple tissue?

Simple tissues are made of physically and functionally comparable cells. They only include one kind of cell type. There are three different forms of simple tissues: parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma. Parenchyma is made up of live, thin-walled cells that are soft in nature and have a walled structure.

What is the difference of simple and complex permanent tissues?

The same type of cells that carry out the same task make up simple permanent tissues. Complex permanent tissues, on the other hand, are made up of various cell types, each of which has a different purpose. The three different categories of simple permanent tissues are parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma.

What is the function of simple tissue?

Simple permanent tissues are the kinds of tissues comprised of comparable cell types that serve the same purpose. This kind of tissue is mostly used for mechanical support, the epidermal layer, and the building of organs. The structure of the plant body is built on this tissue.

What is an example of complex tissue?

Complex tissues include phloem and xylem.


Therefore, both complete and simple tissues are generally good for the production of new cells. One of the simplest tissues is often composed of a single cell, which carries out its responsibilities by attending to common ones. Despite this, a variety of cell types are used to make up and build the complex tissue. These are all the cells that function and carry out their tasks in a very appropriate manner. Therefore, both of these problems are excellent and work well together. Additionally, they both effortlessly and correctly provide the plant tissues. So, that’s all the information that was discussed above, with a focus on the contrasts between the two tissues.