What are breast lumps?

What are breast lumps?

A breast lump is a small swelling, protuberance, bulge, or hump in the breast that appears different from the tissue surrounding it, or the tissue of the breast in the same area of the other breast.

There are numerous explanations why lumps in the breast form. The majority of lumps are not cancerous, and pose no risk.

Infection, infection, fibroadenoma, cyst, fat necrosis, or fibrocystic breasts are all affected. Male and female breast lumps can grow but they are far more common in females.

An individual finding a lump in the breast will have it checked as soon as possible.


Breast lumps can result from a number of factors, and most are harmless.
Breast lumps can result from a number of factors, and most are harmless.

The female breast is made of multiple tissue types. The two main forms are milk glands, where milk is formed, and milk ducts, or tubes, which allow milk to move to reach the nipple.

The composition of the breast tissue can vary , depending on function. Of example, their breasts can shift while a woman is breastfeeding. They are going to feel different, and look different.

The breast also includes fibrous connective tissue, nerves , blood vessels, fatty tissue, and lymph nodes.

Growing part of the breast can respond to changes in body chemistry in different ways. These changes have an effect on breast sensations and texture, which may affect breast lump formation.

Possible causes of breast lumps include:

  • an abscess or infection
  • adenoma or fibroadenoma
  • cysts
  • fat necrosis
  • lipoma
  • breast cancer

Many breast lumps feel as though they have a clear boundary, while others may feel like a thickened tissue region in general.

Noncancerous lumps

Breast lumps can vary considerably in size, sound, and texture. The consistency can help a doctor diagnose what sort of a lump it’s.

Breast cysts

A breast cyst is a fluid-filled, benign, or non-cancerous, sac in the breast. It usually feels smooth under the skin, and rubbery. Some breast cysts, while others are very painful, can be painless. Breast cysts are infrequent in women over 50 years of age. Which causes breast cysts is not clear but they can evolve in response to menstrual hormones.

Cysts can vary in size from very small to between 2.5 and 5 centimeters, visible only on an ultrasonic scan. Large cysts can bring other tissue under pressure, and this can be painful.

A sebaceous cyst can occur when sebaceous or oil gland ducts are blocked. A closed sac or cyst may develop below the skin. These may grow bigger as a result of injury or hormone stimulation. Sebaceous cysts do not usually need treatment, but they can be removed if they are painful or bothersome.


Abscesses occasionally develop in the breast. They can be grievous. These are non-cancerous, and are typically bacteria that cause them. Nearby breast skin may turn red, and may feel hot or solid. People that are breast feeding have a higher risk of having breast abscesses.


An adenoma is an anomalous development in the breast’s glandular tissue.

Fibroadenomas are the most common forms of breast adenoma, which appear to affect women under the age of 30 but they can also occur in older women. These account for 50% of breast biopsies but typically these don’t become cancerous.

These aren’t cancerous and sometimes naturally go away. Generally, fibroadenomas are round and firm, with smooth borders.

Intraductal papillomas

Intraductal papillomas are wart-like growths, which form in the breast ducts. They appear to grow from underneath the nipple. Bloody discharge also occurs. Younger women continue to have several growths, while menopause-near females typically only have one.

Fat necrosis and lipoma

When the fatty tissue in the breast is weakened or broken down, there may be fat necrosis. In the breast noncancerous lumps can form. They are potentially painful. There may be a discharge from the nipple and a skin dimpling over the lump.

A lipoma is a delicate, non-cancerous lump that is usually elastic and without pain. It is a small, benign tumor.

Cancerous lumps

A lump or tumor of a breast cancer normally feels strong or firm. It usually has an irregular shape, and may feel as if it is trapped in the breast to the skin or deep tissue.

Breast cancer typically isn’t painful, especially in the early stages. This can develop in any part of the breast or nipple but the upper outer quadrant is most common.

Some malignant tumors are painful. This can happen when they’re big and pinch certain breast structures, or when they ulcerate or expand through the skin.

Checking for lumps

Five steps for a breast self-examination.
Five steps for a breast self-examination.

It ‘s critical that women get to know their bodies and breasts. Knowing how the breasts usually feel will help to notice any changes or lumps that present problems.

The instructions below should help women perform a self-exam.

  1. Looking in a mirror, check the size, shape, and color and look for visible swellings or lumps
  2. Raise the arms and repeat step 1.
  3. Check for any discharge from the nipples that may be watery, milky, yellow, or with blood.
  4. Feel the breasts with a firm, smooth motion while lying down, including under the arms and down to the ribcage.
  5. Repeat step 4 while standing or sitting, It may be easier in the shower.

Even though most breast lumps are benign, anything unusual should be checked by a doctor.


While it is worth seeing a doctor about any troubling breast lump, care is not often required, depending on the cause of the lump.

The doctor will do a physical exam and may prescribe a mammogram or ultrasound scan to confirm which type of lump is present.

If there is a cyst or a fibrous lump, they may recommend that the lump be checked but no further action taken.

Whether there is an abscess, the doctor can use a fine needle to lance it and drain it, and prescribe antibiotics.

If the doctor suspects cancer, we will take a biopsy. Depending on the stage of the cancer, treatment usually involves surgery and chemotherapy or radiation therapy if cancer is found.

A check may be recommended for modifications to the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. When this gene is present and there has been breast cancer, preventive surgery may be an choice to stop recurrence.

Many breast lumps aren’t cancerous so it’s a good idea to get a medical professional to test them.