Locust beans, also known as iru, ogiri, or dawadawa, are a popular ingredient in Nigerian cuisine. Locust beans have a unique taste and smell, and they may also be good for your health in some ways.
It is typically made by soaking the seeds in water, grinding them into a paste, and allowing them to ferment for a period of time. The resulting product has a strong, pungent flavor and is used as a seaso ing or a flavor enhancer in a variety of dishes.
Ogiri is not a vegetable or a fruit, but rather a product extracted from leguminous seeds.
It is called ‘iru‘ by Yorubas, ‘ogiri‘ by Igbos, and ‘dawa dawa’ by Hausas.
However, this delicious spice is packed with various nutrients including, carbohydrates, protein, fiber, potassium, magnesium, iodine, zinc, iron, B vitamins and other natural compounds.
Uses Of Locust Beans (Ogiri, Iru, Dawadawa)
It is used in a variety of dishes to add flavor and depth, and has a number of potential health benefits.
Moi moi is also wrapped with the leaves of the locust bean tree. In addition, the and seeds are used as animal feed for both animals and poultry.
In some parts of Nigeria, ogiri is believed to have medicinal properties and is used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, such as digestive disorders, respiratory problems, and infections. However, there is limited scientific evidence to support these uses.
Health Benefits Of Locust Beans (Ogiri, Iru, Dawadawa)
1. Treating hypertension
Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, is when the blood pressure in the arteries is higher than it should be. Locust beans can be used as a local treatment for people with this disease.
2. To manage cholesterol level
Cholesterol causes blood vessels to get clogged, which can lead to diseases of the heart. This disease can be prevented by eating locust beans. 
3. For treatment of stroke
A stroke occurs when there is a disruption in the flow of oxygenated blood to the brain. High cholesterol and high blood pressure are often associated with strokes. One effective way to treat a stroke is to regularly consume locust beans.
4. For treatment of diarrhea
Diarrhea is characterized by a sudden increase in the frequency, looseness, and volume of your feces. Locust beans contain tannins and pectin, which are often recommended for people with diarrhea.
According to research, various parts of the African locust bean, such as the leaves, bark, roots, and fruit, can be used as a natural remedy for a variety of health conditions, including fever, diarrhea, stomach problems, boils, and burns. Another study also found that the bark of the locust bean can be used to treat a wide range of diseases, including diarrhea, sterility, bronchitis, pneumonia, leprosy, skin irritations, inflammation, and parasitic worms.
5. Promotes sight health
Locust beans are a rich source of Vitamin A, which has numerous benefits for your eyes, including improved eyesight, enhanced bone growth, and a stronger immune system. By consuming more locust beans, you can decrease your risk of developing eye conditions such as night blindness, cataracts, and xerophthalmia.
Vitamin A in locust beans can also help prevent eye infections, myopia, glaucoma, and other eye problems. Additionally, the roots of the locust bean are used in some medications as a key ingredient, demonstrating the effectiveness of this natural condiment.
Can Locust Beans Boost Fertility?
There is no scientific evidence to support the idea that locust beans can boost fertility. In fact, there is little research available on the potential health effects of consuming locust beans.
Fertility is a complex process that can be influenced by a variety of factors, including age, genetics, overall health, and lifestyle. If you are trying to conceive and are having difficulty, it is important to talk to a healthcare professional for guidance and support. They can help you understand the potential causes of fertility issues and recommend appropriate treatment options.
Locust beans are a healthy component that people in Nigeria use to make food. Locust beans are good for your health because they can prevent high blood pressure, diabetes, and bad eyesight. They can also kill malaria parasites and kill bacteria.